Although now remembered primarily as a sculptor, Victor Rousseau was also a talented painter in watercolors. He was bor in the town of Feluy, Belgium in 1865 but moved to Brussels when he was five. At ten years of age he was apprenticed to a stonemason where he first learnt the techniques of stone carving. At fourteen he entered the Academy of Brussels to study sculpture under Charles van der Stappen, before continuing his studies at the Academy of Saint-Josse-ten-Node with Georges Houstont. Gaining a scholarship through the Prix Godecharle enabled Rousseau to travel to England and Italy before a two year stay in France. By now he was established as a sculptor in both stone and bronze and was beginning to receive important commissions for his work. At the same time, he was teaching at the Academy of Brussels and providing mentorship to a whole new generation of Belgian sculptors. He sojourned in London during World War I before returning to Brussels in 1919. His most important commissions included the Anglo-Belgian Memorial in London (1920), the monument to Cesar Franck in Liege (1921), a statue of the mayor Charles Buls in Brussels (1928) and a huge figural group entitled ‘Maturity’ in the Montagne du Parc in Brussels. Victor Rousseau died in the Belgian town of Vorst in 1954 leaving behind a huge body of work on public display as well as several pieces held in the collections of important civic collections.