Marcel-Louis Baugniet, born in Liege in 1896, was a Belgian artist considered one of the most important avant-garde artists in Belgium. He was a painter, made collages and designed decors, posters, carpets, advertising illustrations, ceramics and furniture.
After an apprenticeship, he studied at the Brussels Academy, where he had Paul Delvaux and René Magritte as fellow students. Upon his graduation from the academy, Baugniet went to Paris. Here met Ossip Zadkine and Fernand Léger, among others and joined a tight circle of contemporary artists. In 1922 he returned to Brussels, where he asscoaited with Felix De Boeck and Victor Servranckx who were both young artists on the cutting edge of Belgium’s avat-garde movement. The influence of the Bauhaus and De Stijl can be seen in his work from this period. He was also familiar with the work of Le Corbusier, Vasarely, Sonia Delaunay, and Henry Van de Velde who all had an influence on his work.
He married Marguerite Acarin, alias the dancer Akarova in 1928 and subsequently designed her costumes. Baugniet and Akarova’s marriage ended soon after but they continued to live together in their home in Ixelles. He soon found further employment as an illustrator and made the designs for sheet music covers for the music publishers F. Lauwerijns and A. Isaÿe. After 1945 he painted less and less and concentrated on his furniture design. He sold his furniture from his own store in Brussels.
Marcel-Louis baugniet died in Brussels in 1995 just three weeks before his 100th birthday, still living in the same house in Ixelles with his ex-wife Marguerite Acarin.
A major retrospective exhibition was held at the Museum for Modern and Contemporary Art in Liège in 2001.