Guilherme d’Oliveira Marques was a Brazilian-born artist from a Portuguese family who settled in the Belgian Congo between the First and Second World Wars. He became the most popular painter in Leopoldville (capital of the Belgian Congo, now called Kinshasa), and held successful exhibitions all over the Congo. He painted views around Leopoldville well as making excursions into the heart of the country, notably to the Kasai and the Ule Regions. His paintings mainly show picturesque scenes from everyday life in the country’s towns and villages, bathed in a very distinctive light. He is considered the only Africaniste painter to accurately capture and depict the light of the region. Marques also played an important part in the cultural life of the capital, and his dioramas are on display in Kinshasa’s Musee de la Vie Indigene.